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Glossary


Asafoetida: a strong-smelling spice used in small quantities to flavor savories, soups, and vegetable dishes.
yur-veda: (eye yoor vay dah) Vedic scriptures dealing with preventive and curative medicine.
Bhagavad-gt: (bha gah vahd gee tah) the sacred dialogue spoken five thousand years ago between Lord Ka and His devotee Arjuna on the Battlefield of Kuruketra, in India. It has five main topics: the Absolute Truth, the living entities, material nature, time, and karma. Bhagavad-gt is the essence of Vedic knowledge.
Bhakti-yoga: devotional service to the Supreme Lord.
Caitanya-caritmta: (chat tan yah chah ritahm ri tah) the biography of Lord Caitanya Mahprabhu written over four hundred years ago by Kadasa Kaviraja Gosvm.
Caitanya Mahprabhu: (chat tan yah mah ha prah bhoo) the incarnation of Ka who came five centuries ago, in the role of His own devotee, to teach the process of devotional service by chanting the holy names of God.
Chapati: (chah pah tee) flat, round whole-wheat bread, cooked on a griddle and held over a flame until it inflates like a balloon.
Dal: (doll) husked and split lentils used to make savories, sweets, and soups; the soup made from such lentils.
Dosa: a sort of Indian pancake, sometimes stuffed with spiced potatoes.
Ekda: (ay kah dah shee) the eleventh day of both the waxing and waning moon. On Ekadasi, devotees of Ka simplify their diet by abstaining from grains, beans, and peas, and increase their remembrance of Ka by intensifying their chanting of the Hare Ka mantra and other devotional activities.
Garam masala: (literally, hot spices) a blend of powdered spices added to a dish at the end of the cooking.
Ghee: clarified butter. Its delicate flavor and special qualities make it the best of all cooking mediums.
Gulab jamun: (goo luhb jah mon) a sweet made of deep-fried powdered milk balls, soaked in rose-flavored syrup.
Halav: a dessert made from toasted grains, butter, and sugar.
Hare Ka mantra: a sixteen-word prayer composed of the names Hare, Ka, and Rma: Hare Ka, Hare Ka, Ka Ka, Hare Hare/ Hare Rma, Hare Rma, Rma Rma, Hare Hare. Hare (ha ray) is the personal form of Gods own happiness, His eternal consort, rmat Rdhr. Ka, the all-attractive one, and Rma, the all-pleasing one, are names of God. This prayer means My dear Rdhr and Ka, please engage me in Your devotional service. The Vedas recommend the chanting of the Hare Ka mantra as the easiest and most sublime method of awakening ones dormant love of God.
ISKCON: the abbreviation for the International Society for Ka Consciousness; the Hare Ka Movement.
Karhai: (car high) a deep, rounded pan with handles on both sides, used for deep-frying or pan-frying.
Karma: fruitive action, which always produces a reaction, good or bad.
Ka: a name for the Supreme Personality of Godhead, meaning infinitely attractive.
Masala: (mah sah lah) a blend of spices.
Panch masala: a mixture of five whole spices used in preparing vegetable dishes.
Paneer: a fresh cheese with many uses in Indian cooking.
Prasda, or prasdam: (prah shahd, or prah shah dum) the mercy of Lord Ka. Food prepared for the pleasure of Ka and offered to Him with love and devotion. Because Ka tastes the offering, the food becomes spiritualized and purifies anyone who eats it.
Puri: a small deep-fried flat bread made from white flour, wholewheat flour, or a mixture of both.
Raita: fruits or semicooked vegetables in lightly seasoned yogurt.
Sabji: (sub jee) vegetable or vegetable dish.
Samosa: a deep-fried turnover, stuffed with cooked fruits or spiced vegetables.
rla Prabhupda: (1896-1977): (shree lah prah bhoo pahd) the founder and spiritual master of the International Society for Ka Consciousness. rla Prabhupda was a fully God conscious saint who had perfect realization of the Vedic scriptures. He worked incessantly to spread Ka consciousness all over the world.
rmad-Bhgavatam: (shree mahd bhahgah vah tum) the scripture composed by rla Vyasadeva (the literary incarnation of Lord Ka) to describe and explain Lord Kas pastimes.
Tava: a slightly concave cast-iron frying pan used for cooking chapatis and other flat Indian breads.
Thali: (tal lee) a low-rimmed metal plate.
Vaiava: (vie shnav ah) a devotee of Lord Ka, the Supreme Personality of Godhead.
Vedas: (Vedic literatures): scriptures compiled five thousand years ago in India by rla Vyasadeva, an incarnation of Lord Ka. The Vedas conclude that the ultimate goal of human life is to reestablish our eternal loving relationship with Ka (God).
Vrindavana: (vrin dah vun) the village in North India where Lord Ka lived as a child; the supreme transcendental abode of the Supreme Lord in the spiritual universe.
Yogi: a transcendentalist, one who strives to attain the Supreme.